On October 25, 2023, ANISP organizes the Romanian Internet Technologies Event (RITE). The event is intended to facilitate interaction between Internet service providers, Internet content developers, and various Internet users. RITE will open an interactive dialogue between producers and consumers on fundamental topics such as: Internet Technologies, the evolution of Internet content (from simple, unstructured and accessible data to today’s cloud media based on container technology, OpenAI, virtual reality virtual environment or the current DevOps software production model used by most IT companies today). Details and registration on the event website: https://rite.org.ro
Currently, public consultations related to the following normative acts with implications in the sphere of electronic communications services are taking place:
At the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Digitization – the draft law on security and cyber defense of Romania. Details here:
In Parliament – the draft law on the approval of the Government’s Emergency Ordinance no. 119/2022 for the amendment and completion of the Government’s Emergency Ordinance no. 27/2022 regarding the measures applicable to final customers in the electricity and natural gas market during April 1, 2022 – March 31, 2023, as well as for the modification and completion of some normative acts in the field of energy. Details here:
On the 23rd of October, 2022 the technical regulation “Telecommunications ducts (CTc) came into force. Optical fiber. Design, execution, use, maintenance and verification, reference RTC 5-2022”, published in the Official Gazette Part I no. 935 and no. 935 bis.
The regulations were developed based on art. 29 para. (3) from Law no. 159/2016 regarding the physical infrastructure regime of electronic communications networks, under the auspices of the Ministry of Development, Public Works and Administration (MDLPA), the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Digitalization (MCID) and respectively the National Authority for Administration and Regulation in Communications (ANCOM).
The publication of these technical regulations, combined with the provisions introduced at the beginning of 2022 by the “Electronic Communications Code” (law 198/2022) in law 159/2016 regarding the obligation to build or modernize the physical infrastructure for high-speed electronic communications networks as part of infrastructure development works of road transport* (highways, expressways, national roads and bypasses), constitutes an important step forward in order to achieve the objectives related to Romania’s digital transformation.
* see art. 26(1) of Law 156/2016, introduced by Law 198/2022:
(1) Within the projects of construction, modernization, rehabilitation of highways, express roads, national roads and bypasses, the legal entity that carries out activities of national public interest in the field of administration of national roads and concessioned highways, as well as, as the case may be, the legal entity of national strategic interest that ensures the public service of road transport infrastructure development, have the obligation to also ensure the construction or, as the case may be, the modernization of the physical infrastructure for high-speed electronic communications networks, an integral part of these highways, express roads, national roads and bypass options, physical infrastructure consisting at least of: piping intended for the installation of cables for high-speed electronic communications networks and power supply cables for electronic communications equipment, technical channels, cameras and/or inspection and connection cameras, with respect the technical regulations applicable at the time of construction or, as the case may be, the modernization of the physical infrastructure. The financing of the construction or modernization of the physical infrastructure for high-speed electronic communications networks will be made from the budget of the legal entity that carries out activities of national public interest in the field of the administration of national roads and concessioned highways or, as the case may be, from the budget of the legal entity of national strategic interest that provides the public service for the development of road transport infrastructure.
(2) The legal entities provided for in para. (1) grants access to the physical infrastructure mentioned in the same paragraph, under objective, transparent, proportional and non-discriminatory conditions, to all providers of public electronic communications networks who request access in order to build, install, maintain, replace or move some elements of public networks of high-speed electronic communications.
The Ministry of Research, Innovation and Digitalization (MCID) has the capacity of Beneficiary within a European project entitled “Establishing the reference framework in the field of broadband network development in Romania”, code SIPOCA 579, co-financed from the European Social Fund (ESF) through Administrative Capacity Operational Program (POCA) 2014 – 2020, project that aims to obtain a normative act for public interventions to support the development of broadband Internet networks, especially in areas affected by market failure.
Consequently, MCID invites ANISP representatives to participate in a first consultation on the development of the broadband network in Romania within the a.m. project, according the objective of creating normatives adapted to the requirements of the telecommunications market in Romania.
On this occasion, MCID wants to launch actual proposals to improve the activity related to the broadband telecommunications market, calling for a direct consultation of those present, so that the analysis and taking over of a list of important aspects is carried out.
The conference will take place on Friday, 26.08.2022, starting at 10:00, at the MINERVA Hotel in Gheorghe Manu Str. No. 2-4, sector 1, Bucharest.
Currently, the draft law transposing into national legislation the European Electronic Communications Code (Directive (EU) 2018/1972 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018) is approaching the moment of the final vote in the Romanian Senate. The bill has already been voted in the Chamber of Deputies in December 2021. Details on the Senate website:
The bill is very important bill and needs to be passed as soon as possible, but the industry and civil society have found that – in addition to the provisions transposing the European directive – harmful or at least inappropriate provisions have been mingled into the draft. Below is the content of a letter sent by ANISP to Senate in an attempt to correct the harmful aspects:
Ladies and gentlemen, members of the Senate
The National Association of Internet Service Providers in Romania (abbreviated ANISP), having its registered office in Calea Floreasca no. 169, building X, ground floor, sector 1, Bucharest, tel./fax: 021-316.10.33, e-mail: office /at/ anisp.ro, registered […],
We respectfully ask you to take all the measures available to you as senators in the Romanian Parliament,
to remove and / or amend the following provisions of the draft law to improve and supplement regulations in the field of electronic communications and to establish measures facilitating the development of electronic communications networks, (we submit our comments on the form available today, the 11th of February, 2022, a form that received a number of amendments in the specialized committees – on top of the form adopted by the Chamber of Deputies):
”28. After Article 10, two new Articles, Articles 10^1 and 10^2, are inserted with the following wording:
In Article 10^2, paragraph 1 is amended to read as follows:
(1) Providers of electronic hosting services using IP resources have the obligation to support law enforcement bodies and bodies with responsibilities in the field of national security within the limits of their competences, for the implementation of technical supervision methods or authorization acts provided in accordance with the provisions of Law no. 135/2010 on the Code of Criminal Procedure, as subsequently amended and supplemented, and of Law no. 51/1991 on national security, republished, with subsequent amendments and completions, respectively:
a. to allow the legal interception of communications, including to bear the related costs;
– unchanged (n.n.: unchanged from the form adopted by the Chamber of Deputies. ANISP observation: Transferring any costs, arbitrarily, without limits – to service providers is an abuse. The phrase “including to bear the related costs” should be deleted.)
b. to grant, at the request of the authorized bodies, under the conditions of this law, the decrypted content of communications transited in their own networks (ANISP observation: This provision conflicts with the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure. According art. 38 CCP, para. (1), points (a) and (j), interception and obtaining of traffic data are “special methods of surveillance.” Then, according to Article 170 CCP:
(1) If there is a reasonable suspicion as to the preparation or commission of an offense and there are grounds for believing that an object or document may serve as evidence, the prosecuting authority or the court may disposes of the natural or legal person in whose possession it is to present and deliver them, under proof.
(2) Also, under the conditions of par. (1), the criminal investigation body or the court may order that:…
b) any provider of public electronic communications networks or providers of electronic communications services intended for the public to communicate certain data concerning subscribers, users and the services provided, under its control, other than the content of communications and those provided in art. 138 para. (1) lit. j). [contradiction!]
It is also generally technically impossible for providers to decrypt encrypted communications that pass through their network. The expression “decrypted content” implies that the content has been encrypted by an entity, and the provider should have decryption solutions that may not even be available to the most powerful intelligence agencies in the world.
Such a provision makes sense only if the provider of the communications service is also the one who provides encryption services, but even in this case there is no certainty of the technical possibility.
It should also be noted that “providers of electronic hosting services with IP resources” often do not have a network, but only physical or virtual server(s), so “communications transited in their own networks” might make no sense. );
c. to provide the information retained or stored regarding traffic data, identification data of subscribers or customers, payment methods and access history with the related time points;
– unchanged (n.n. unchanged from the form adopted by the Chamber of Deputies. ANISP observation: These activities must be carried out within the limits allowed by Law 506/2004, which requires the deletion and / or anonymisation of traffic data. See also Decision 440/2014 of the Constitutional Court of Of Romania, repealing Law 82/2012 for similar provisions (general and disproportionate – in contradiction with both the Romanian Constitution and the Judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union of 8 April 2014, in related cases C-293/12 – Digital Rights Ireland Ltd v Minister for Communications, Marine and Natural Resources and Others – and C-594/12 – Karntner Landesregierung and Others).
d. is deleted.
(2) The obligations provided in par. (1) lit. a) – c) shall apply accordingly to providers of electronic communications networks or services. (ANISP remark: this provision also conflicts with the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure – see note to paragraph (1), letter b) above)
(3) Providers of electronic hosting services with IP resources and providers of interpersonal communications services not based on numbers are required to provide information within 60 days of the start of the provision of services. ANCOM containing at least the following:
a) the identification data of the supplier;
b) the contact details of the supplier;
c) the type of electronic hosting service provided.
(4) ANCOM publishes on its website the types of electronic hosting services for which the providers of electronic hosting services with IP resources have the obligations provided by this article.
(5) Any modification of the data transmitted according to par. (3) shall be communicated to ANCOM within 10 days from the date of occurrence of the event.
(6) ANCOM’s decision may establish that the information provided in par. (3) has to be made in a certain format. ” (ANISP observation: points 3, 4, 5 and 6 infringe Article 4 of Directive 2000/31 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on aspects of information society services: Article 4 – Principle of exclusion of prior authorization – ( 1. Member States shall ensure that access to and operation of the information service provider’s activity cannot be subject to prior authorization or any other requirement having equivalent effect. )
In conclusion, we consider that provisions such as those proposed in art. 10^2 above should not be included in the law transposing the European Code of Electronic Communications. These provisions must be exposed to a real public debate, they must be correlated with the legislation on personal data protection, with the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, with the provisions of the decisions of the Constitutional Court, with other applicable normative acts and only subsequently introduced in the Code of Criminal Procedure as an extension of the existing provisions (already applicable to service providers and electronic communications networks) to providers of electronic hosting services with IP resources.
According a press release published on the website of the Chamber of Deputies, received from deputies George Cristian Tuţă and Ioan Sabin Sărmaş (PNL Parliamentary Group), a legislative proposal named “Internet for all of Romania!” was filed.
<<Deputies George Tuţă and Sabin Sărmaş submitted today the legislative initiative through which “Romanians have the right to be guaranteed access to at least one functional fixed broadband internet service”.
As MPs, we have an obligation to create legislation to support economic developments in an increasingly computerized future, and for the Internet to be defined as a universal service. We want Romania to join other countries, which are already on the path of development offered by this global communications network. We are confident that this law, which has been signed with us by another 130 senators and deputies from all parliamentary parties, will be adopted as soon as possible.
Why do we need a law to define the Internet as a universal service? Being defined by law as a universal service, the Internet will be available at high speeds for all Romanians, regardless of where they live in the country, for all businesses that are interested in access, but also for all state institutions. Thus, we will take a new step to simplify and make transparent the relationship between the state and the citizens.
The legislative initiative submitted refers to the fixed point internet, through fiber optics, necessary for the evolution of isolated communities, most of them disadvantaged. Moreover, the pandemic has shown us that some of the jobs can be kept if the activity goes online. Our goal is to enable a range of services over the Internet – where they do not exist today: online learning, telemedicine, video communications, electronic payments or internet banking. Romania must follow this path, if we want to be among the winners of the new era of the knowledge-based economy.
Also, this law’s necessity is given by the implementation of the PNRR, through which very large sums will be invested for the digitalization of Romania. Yes, the future means internet connections for all of Romania.>>
The text of the proposal can be viewed at: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1vFnru98kWYO9n3HR3uHbNfjf0dhC2Xas
EXE Green Holding, represented by Mr. Adrian Tudor, CTO, joined ANISP.
About the company: EXE Green Holding is a young, innovative team passionate about the energy efficiency sector. It operates in fields such as Electrical / Automation / SCADA / BMS / Smart City and Telecommunications. Member of the Romanian National Lighting Committee, the company has rapidly developed and has become one of the leading companies in the market in terms of providing energy efficiency solutions and LED lighting, offering energy efficiency solutions for any field of activity and for any budget.
EXE Green Holding puts customers’ energy efficiency and budget needs first – in order to provide the best solutions for the money. The destination of the project, its location, the necessary level of lighting are taken into account in order to select the best solutions, with the aid of a specialized software program, satisfying the requirements of the most demanding customers.
The company ensures both the implementation and maintenance of projects, having very diverse customers – from small and medium enterprises to multinationals, according to the published portfolio.
ZTE Romania – the local subsidiary of ZTE, one of the world leaders in the telecommunications solutions and equipments market, joined ANISP, desiring to improve its collaboration with the business environment as well as to get involved – together with other members – in solving the challenges faced by the IT&C ecosystem.
About ZTE: Founded in 1985 and listed on both the Hong Kong and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges, the company has been committed to providing innovative technologies and integrated solutions for global operators, government and enterprise, and consumers from over 160 countries across the globe. Serving over 1/4 of the global population, the company is dedicated to enabling connectivity and trust everywhere for a better future.
ZTE has complete end-to-end product lines and integrated solutions in the telecommunications industry. Bolstered with its all series of wireless, wireline, services, devices and professional telecommunications services, the company has great capability of flexibly satisfying the diversified requirements and pursuit for rapid innovations of global operators and government and enterprise network customers.
ZTE believes in technology innovation as a core value of the company, investing more than 10% of annual revenue in its R&D. The company has established state-of-the-art global R&D centres in USA, Sweden, China and so forth, and has filed applications for more than 80,000 patents, with over 38,000 granted. Since 2010, ZTE has been ranked among the world’s Top-5 for patent applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) each year, according to the World Intellectual Property Organization.
With a vision of balanced, sustainable development in the social, environmental and economic arenas, the company promotes freedom of communication around the world. It has incorporated innovation, technological convergence and the concept of “going green” into its product life cycle, covering specifically R&D, production, logistics and customer service. Also, the company is also committed to maximizing energy efficiency and minimizing carbon emissions.
As a member of the United Nations Global Compact and the Global e-Sustainability Initiative, ZTE has published the Sustainability Report/Corporate Social Responsibility Report for 12 consecutive years starting 2009. According to Research Report on Corporate Social Responsibility of China 2018 issued by Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, ZTE ranks among the top 100 in terms of Social Development Index. Moreover, the company has been included among the FTSE4Good Index Series for second consecutive year since 2018.
The Digital Transformation Council is honored to invite you on May 17, 2021, 10:00 a.m., to the virtual conference dedicated to the International Day of Telecommunications and the Information Society.
Accelerating the digital transformation in Romania. The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the urgency of accelerating the digital transformation, by boosting the objectives of the ITU’s Connect 2030 Agenda, without leaving anyone behind.
The digital transformation determines the improvement of the experience of each citizen and the change of the way the business is done. It increases the quality of life and ensures well-being by pursuing the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. The factors driving these changes range from increasingly diverse technologies to new business models, with the goal of delivering personalized services, encouraging the reduction of paper consumption and cash payments.
All countries should have a national digital agenda, policy, strategy, legislation or policy statement that identifies and lists their national goals in relation to digital transformation and how to act to achieve it. National policies can help establish a clear vision of national infrastructure and connectivity. They can set principles and priorities that help define mechanisms to expand connectivity, while building online protection and safeguards for the most vulnerable members of society.
Message from Mr. Houlin Zhao, ITU Secretary General
“The information society has emerged as one of the main lines of defense against the COVID-19. In this decisive year, ITU will use World Telecommunication and Information Society Day to unite the world in pursuit of digital transformation in every area of business and in all aspects of life. We would like to hear your success stories, but also about your challenges and lessons learned.”
Participating / speakers:
|Cătălin||MARINESCU||HEAD, STRATEGY & PLANNING DIVISION||ITU|
|Iosif||POPA||ŞEF DEPARTAMENT STRATEGIE ŞI DATE STATISTICE||ANCOM|
|Florina||TĂNASE||LEGAL AND CORPORATE AFFAIRS DIRECTOR||TELEKOM ROMANIA|
|Alexandru||PETRESCU||Ex-MINISTRU||MINISTERUL COMUNICAŢIILOR ŞI SOCIETĂŢII INFORMAŢIONALE|
|Codruţ||SĂVULESCU||EXECUTIVE SOLUTION MANAGER||HUAWEI|
|Marian||VELICU||CO-FONDATOR & PREȘEDINTE BOARD||BENEFITO MOBILE|
|Elena||ANTONEAC||FONDATOR & CEO||XPATH GLOBAL|
|Ion||VACIU||PREŞEDINTE / MODERATOR||DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION COUNCIL|
|Roxana||ONEA||REDACTOR ŞEF||REVISTA COMUNICAŢII MOBILE|
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